By Nathan LemphersSteven BernsteinMatthew Hoffmann, and David A. Wolfe 

In the media, Norway, California, and Québec are widely acknowledged as innovative leaders in electric vehicles (EVs). Yet, what does this leadership mean and how did these jurisdictions achieve it? We contend that EV leadership reflects both intentional forethought through early, experimental and innovative policy to promote electric vehicles and the on-the-ground successful outcomes of these policies. All three jurisdictions have embarked on different leadership paths. We argue that these differences are a function of how EV policy entrepreneurs engaged unique pre-existing local assets and activated similar political mechanisms of normalization, coalition building and capacity building. When policy actors harness mutually reinforcing political and industrial dynamics, EV policies can scale up. Eventually, these dynamics may lead to new industrial path development and the decarbonization of the transportation sector.  


READ THE WORKING PAPER: Rooted in place: Regional innovation, natural assets, and the politics of electric vehicle leadership in California, Norway, and Québec

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