Pollution in Canada: A Review of the Literature and Initial Estimate of Costs surveys the literature available about the costs associated with pollution in Canada, and arrives at preliminary figures for pollition costs divided into the categories of:


  • loss of asset values
  • loss of income and other sources of wellbeing
  • and out-of-pocket expenses.

This working paper presents the results of research on the cost of pollution in Canada undertaken with the above framework in mind. Studies considered relevant to determining the cost of pollution in Canada were analyzed and summarized. The environmental impacts and economic categories considered varied widely among them. The approach used to deal with this diversity was to select the most credible and relevant studies and to base as many of the costs presented in this report as possible on them.

This working paper represents preliminary findings, which Sustainable Prosperity is making available to generate discussion and debate. The conclusions arrived at in this paper are the author’s alone. Comments are welcome and should be directed to Michelle Brownlee.


The Clean Economy Working Paper Series disseminates findings of ongoing environmental and clean economy work conducted by researchers from a range of disciplines. These working papers are meant to make results of relevant scholarly work available in a preliminary form. Although these papers have not undergone a peer-review process, they meet general standards of scholarly excellence. The views expressed in these working papers are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Smart Prosperity Institute.