It contains seventeen case studies from communities across Canada and abroad. These case studies detail best practice examples of policies that can be used to advance ICES in a community. The communities profiled vary in size from towns to capital cities, and policies range from ‘first-step’ actions to more ambitious and comprehensive emissions reductions measures. These case studies have been grouped with respect to six broad categories where ICES actions can be achieved: land use, transportation, buildings, infrastructure, waste, and water. For each study, a section has been included to detail the various ways in which the policy could be applied in the Ontario context.